The pollen allergies they are the most common in children and young people. They make their appearance in the spring and summer months, usually when plants bloom and release the pollen grains that cause the reaction.
In this type of allergy the area and winter climate greatly influences. If one year the cold months have been humid and rainy, the number of plants and the amount of pollen, so spring will be tough for allergy sufferers.
The symptoms of this type of allergy are varied. The most normal thing is that it produces a runny nose and itching in the nose accompanied by sneezing and watery eyes. In the more severe cases, Conjunctivitis and bronchial asthma or respiratory distress may occur.
To find out if your child has a pollen allergy, it is best to do skin tests. They simply consist of inoculating different skin types of pollen and observe which ones produce the reaction.
The best preventive measure is to avoid exposure pollen. As preventive measures, experts recommend:
- Avoid going out to the streets or fields, especially if it is a hot or windy day, circumstances in which the amount of pollen increases.
- Close the bedroom and car windows, especially between one and eight in the morning, which is when the amount of pollen in the air is highest.
- Use air conditioning systems that reduce pollen particles.
- Do not hang clothes outside to dry.
- Do not stay indoors.
- Avoid known irritants such as tobacco smoke, gasoline, atomizers etc ...
- Adequate hygiene of the nasal passages with the use of physiological saline or isotonic sea water.
The most common treatment is to take antihistamines and nasal decongestants. There are also vaccines that seek to reduce the symptoms of this allergy.
Patricia garcia. Editor our site
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