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Adaptation of children from 3 to 5 years old to school


A new year begins and all the children have to go back to school. For some it is also their first time. For both veteran kids and beginners, your adaptation to the new school, but above all to the school educator it is, without a doubt, the main aspect of the initial adaptation since, for the little ones, the main point of reference is the adult who is with them and who will take care of them.

In this sense, the educator's attitude should be one of approximation, respect, affection (without anxiety or stress) and tranquility in the face of the typical maladjustment reactions: crying, tantrums or tantrums.

Personal contact between the educator and the child must be established with confidence, from the beginning. It is advisable for the school to start calling the child by his name from the first day, while the educator tells him hers.

It is also important that the educator knows some general features of the child's personality, data that may have been obtained through the general interview that you have previously held with the parents, before the course begins, or through the report of the previous educator for older children.

In short, it is about the educator trying to create a climate of security and affective cordiality so that the child feels safe.

The integration of the child in the group of classmates is essential for a correct adaptation. Through different introductory games, children will soon know the names of their classmates and will be able to make new friends.

In this sense, it would be interesting to try that when a new child arrives, those who are from last year or who have already been coming for a few days, they are in charge of teaching the newcomers the class, their names or their toys.

The space in which the children will spend a good part of the day is now new to them. For students, whether they are new or not, the classroom will be different from their home or their classroom from last year. It is important that the child feels comfortable in this space, that he knows it, and becomes familiar with it to achieve a better adaptation. It would be interesting if you could see the space of your college or school as your own.

Thus, educators should try to familiarize children with the location of school supplies, the hanger that corresponds to it, the space it occupies on the floor at playtime, the tables, the blackboard, etc. Likewise, the child must adapt to the new space that corresponds to him in the dining room: he must know at which table he is to sit, in which place and next to which friends.

The world of school is not limited to an educator and a classroom, but there are many more things at school.

1. Interior spaces. Other classrooms, kitchen, medicine cabinet, offices, gym, infirmary, services, etc.

2. Outdoor spaces. Patio for the elderly, patio for children, trees, gates, basketball courts, soccer field, gardens and green spaces, experimental garden, parking lot and school surroundings.

3 people. Kitchen and cleaning staff, teachers and educators, janitors, doctors, coordinators, suppliers, maintenance, kitchen and cleaning staff, etc.

Those in charge of schools must consider the anguish that parents experience when they are separated from their children, taking into account the feeling of guilt that this feeling carries with it. The best way to do this is for your children's educators and teachers to speak to them with security and affection so that they realize that they know well both their situation and that of the children, in such a way that they have absolute security that their children are leaving. to find very well in school.

A good way to get in touch with parents is the personal interview and direct contact to give them and discuss the fact sheet on adaptation.

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