The flu is a highly contagious respiratory infection that presents symptoms such as: high fever, headaches, vomiting, dry cough, and in some cases, rhinitis, conjunctivitis and pharyngitis. This state usually lasts 2 to 4 days, if it is treated properly.
We tell you how the flu spreads and is cured in babies, children and pregnant women. And in which cases the flu vaccine is recommended.
The flu appears in isolated cases or in the form of outbreaks that can reach epidemics mainly in winter. The incubation period is between 1 to 3 days. Complications such as acute otitis media and bronchitis are common in young children.
Because it is a viral disease, produced by the virus Influenza, is easily spread through the air or by contact. New types of viruses appear periodically, making their prevention difficult.
It seriously affects the elderly, children, or people suffering from asthma, heart disease, malnutrition, immunity disorders, diabetes, etc. People with any of these clinical pictures, considered risk patients, should visit the doctor before winter to get the influenza vaccine, if necessary.
The symptoms of the flu are more intense than a simple cold or cold. If you want to know if your child has the flu, Guiainfantil.com offers you a list of the main symptoms of this disease:
- muscle pains
- shaking chills
loss of appetite
- sore throat and cough
- nausea or vomiting
- fatigue and loss of appetite
- discomfort in the ears
In babies and young children, apart from these symptoms, there is a bad appearance and constant crying.
For lower the fever the use of antibiotics is not necessary. Antipyretics are enough. Antibiotics are drugs intended to fight bacteria, for this reason, they will only be prescribed by the doctor in the event that the disease is complicated and an opportunistic bacterium takes advantage of the lowering of defenses that the rejection of flu viruses.
The treatment of the flu consists of the proper management of the symptoms with the use of analgesics such as paracetamol or ibuprofen to relieve general discomfort, nebulizers to decongest the upper respiratory tract (when the doctor sees it necessary), cough syrups , the rest of the patient and the continuous ingestion of liquids.
Why is it important to vaccinate children to avoid the flu? The anti-flu vaccine reduces the chance of children getting infected and spreading it to others, including babies.
The vaccine is especially indicated for children, adults and the elderly, with some medical conditions such as asthma, allergy, kidney problems, diabetes, HIV, and heart problems.
Usually, depending on the country, the vaccine is given once a year, before the winter season begins. And although it is not 100% effective in preventing the flu, the flu vaccine greatly reduces the complications that can cause the flu.
Prudence and calm are the words most used by health authorities when addressing the world population regarding the virusH1N1 influenza. Many are the doubts and concerns of parents about this virus, its contagion, its diagnosis and its treatment. Being well informed is essential to know how to act. At the first symptoms, go to the doctor.
You can read more articles similar to Influenza in infants and children, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.